Category:Leather

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These are entries about leather.

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 Skos:prefLabelDefinition
Alligator grained leatherA grain effect embossed on various types of leathers, such as calf, sheep, or cow, in imitation of the genuine reptilian leather.
Alligator leatherpiel de cocodrilo (es)A leather produced from the skin of any member of the reptilian order Crocodilla. Generally, only the belly area of the animal is used, the heavily scaled back being too course and horny. The beauty of alligator leather stems in part from the fact that the scales have a natural "enamel," which, originally, was usually destroyed by crude tanning methods. Later it was preserved, and even enhanced, by "plating" the skin with heated metal plates which gave it its high glaze. Alligator leather is very durable and also very expensive. This term is largely confined to the United States; in Europe it is generally called "crocodile leather."
Aniline leatherpelle all'anilina (it)A hide or skin that has been tanned with a vegetable material and then colored either by immersion in a dyebath or by staining, and has not been coated or pigmented. Leather so colored has a depth of coloring said to be superior to pigment coloration.
Calfskinkalveskind (da)
Case hideAn expression used in Great Britain to describe a stained or otherwise colored leather, generally having a smooth, more or less glossy surface finish.
Chamois leatherzeemleer (nl)
Chiseled leather
Ciselégeciseleerd (nl)
Crocodile leathercrocodile leather (en)
piel de cocodrilo (es)
cuero de cocodrilo (es)
Crushed leatherglittet skind (da)
geplet leer (nl)
Crushed moroccoglittet maroquin (nl)
silotettu marokonnahka (fi)
marocchino cilindrato (it)
glatt marokin (no)
ekraserad marokäng (sv)
Cuir bouilliembossed leather (en)
slabbing (en)
repoussage (fr)
cuir bouilli (fr)
Ledertreibarbeit (de)
sbalzo (it)
Cuir de vachehide (en)
cuir de vache (fr)
Rindleder (de)
vacchetta (it)
Curried leathercurried leather (en)
Cut-leathercuir ciselé (fr)
Lederschnitt (de)
cuoio inciso (it)
corius sculptus (la)
Flesh sideجانب اللحم (ar)
vleeszijde (nl)
French morocco
Glassy layer
Hair sheepLeather made from the skin of a sheep that grows hair instead of wool The hair sheep is found in the mountainous regions of India, China, South America, and Africa. The leather produced form these skins has a finer and tougher grain than that made from wool-bearing sheep.
Juchtenleder
Law calfPlease add a definition!
Leather marble
Morocco
Mossing
Mottled sheep
Nappa leathercuir nappa (fr)
Pigskin
Pure dressed
Red rot
Russian leatherruslaeder (da)
juchtleer (nl)
Shagreenchagrin (da)
chagrijn (nl)
sagriini (fi)
chagrin (fr)
chagrin (de)
chagrin (no)
chagräng (sv)
A somewhat obscure and ambiguous term which seems to have been used, at different times, for very different materials. The word, along with its French and German equivalents, chagrin, is said to have been derived from the Persian expression saghari, which applies to a leather produced from an ass, and which had an indented grain surface caused by spreading seeds of Chenopodium (goose foot) over the surface of the moist skin, covering the skin with a cloth, and trampling them into the skin. When the skin was dry the seeds were shaken off, leaving the surface of the leather covered with small indentations. In the 17th and early 18th centuries, however, the term "shagreen" (or "chagrin") began to be applied to a leather made from sharkskin having a curious grain surface of lonzenge-shaped, raised and spiny scales of minute size, the character of which is difficult to perceive without optical assistance. The term was also applied to the skin of a rayfish (probably Hypolophus sephen), which is covered with round, closely set, calcified papillae resembling small pearls. In its natural form it has been used for many years in both the East and the West for a variety of purposes, including bookbinding; however, in the early years of the 18th century it became the practice to grind the surface flat and smooth, leaving only the pattern of small contiguous circles. The leather was dyed from the flesh side so that the dye did not reach the small circles of calcified substance but only colored the epidermis where it could be seen between the circles. This is the leather which for a century has been called "shagreen"; how confusion arose with sharkskin, which is completely different both in character and in appearance, is not clear."
SheepskinA soft, porous leather produced from the skins of wooled or hair sheep. It is usually vegetable-tanned and grained in imitation of other (more expensive) skins, e.g., morocco, a process to which it lends itself very well. The term "sheepskin" always indicates an unsplit skin, and is not applied to split sheepskin or SKIVER .
Shell
Simili-cuir
Split
Sprinkled calf
Temper
Tree calfA form of cover decoration consisting of a smooth, light-colored calfskin treated with chemicals in such a manner as to represent a tree trunk with branches.
Turkey morocco
Écrasé leather